- Thank you so much for inviting
me to share some thoughts…. It is a true privilege.
- Norway is a very special friend
It was one of the founding members 60 years ago
It was one of the 1st donors – and now the highest per capita donor
- It has been an
intellectual/policy leader in UNICEF’s history
– It is one of
the most child-friendly countries that ranks #1 in the UN’s human development
– It is a great
supporter of UN, multi-lateralism and enlightened donor in international
- I don’t say these to please you
or flatter you… I will back them up with facts & figures and examples.
- One thing you may not know is
that I personally feel a special affinity to Norway
- I was hired into UNICEF by a
Norwegian, Mr. Martin Sandberg, Director of IPIG, 1973, my early mentor…
- In my home country Nepal – the
first UNICEF Representative, the most legendary was a Norwegian named Hallvad
Kuloy. (Ane Haaland – & “Communicating with Pictures”)
- I am so happy to learn that
Nepal is one of the priority countries for dev.
cooperation for Government of Norway
- and a focus for fund-raising
and dev. education by Norwegian NatCom
- I learned that on your 50th
anniversary, you organized a fundraising with Norwegian mid-wives association
for kids in Nepal.
- and you organized internet
auction of objects of art, culture, sports for celebrities
programme in Nepal.
- Thank you both on behalf of
UNICEF and as a Nepali friend.
- I said Norway has historically
been a special friend of UNICEF – let me illustrate why
- It was a Norwegian – first
Secretary-General of UN, Trygve Lia under whose leadership UNICEF was created.
- Trygve Lia appointed, Maurice
Pate, as UNICEF First Executive Director on 8 January 1947
- What an inspired choice it was.
- Pate — American — had worked
- His condition for accepting job
as Executive Director UNICEF to be allowed to help children in need everywhere
– – – including “enemy states”
- Inspired by Egglynt Jebb….
- This principle has served us
- Along with his letter of
appointment, Trygve Lia gave Pate a check of $550,000 leftover for UNRRA –
UNICEF’s starting capital.
- Soon Pate prepared ambitious
proposal to provide children in Europe and Asia, “a glass of milk & fat to
spread on their bread” – for some 6 million children in Europe and China
- First donors to UNICEF in 1947
– USA $40m, Canada $5m, Australia $3m, France $0.9m & Norway -Cod liver
oil- for a longtime staple of UNICEF aid
- Norway & Secretary-General
Trygve Lia continued to take interest in funding for UNICEF
- In 1947, a Norwegian diplomat
named Aake Anker Ording – once deputy to Trygve Lie came up with a brilliant idea
to raise private voluntary contribution to UNICEF
- Proposed that UN endorse idea
of asking all salaries people to contribute 1 day pay every year for programme
- Idea first tried out in Norway
as “UN Appeal for Children”.
- In 1948, appeal extended to
& held in 45 countries and 30 territories – & raised astounding amount
- ⅓ to UNICEF, rest SCF, Red Cross, etc..
- Beginning of PSFR that
- UNICEF Norway founded in 1954
offers opportunities for Norwegian citizens to participate
- A magnificent PPP – example –
long before it became fashionable.
- Even in program terms largest
public health campaign launched by UNICEF in 1950s – control of TB with
Scandinavian Red Cross
- By 1955 the campaign had tested
155m. children & vaccinated 60m with BCG
- Throughout 50s & 60s,
Norway active in Board, as donor, in field…
- 1965 brought UNICEF to Norway
in a big way
- Transformation of UNICEF in 60s
humanitarian to dev.
– planning for children,
children & development
– Basic Services
- 1980s – child survival rev.
- JPG the most
- Norway continued to be helpful
- 3 great Norwegian women contributed
to UNICEF in 80s & 90s
– Liv Ullman, Karin Lokhaug, Torild Skard
- 1990 WSC/CRC Norway great
partners – supporter
- Norway also emerged as the 2nd
largest donor – ahead of Sweden – and highest per capita donor
- Norway – first ombudsman for
- Brundtland Commission on
Environment & Development with its famous statement – “Sustainable
development – is development that meets the needs of the present without
compromising the ability of future generations to meet their needs”. (a most child-friendly definition of
sustainable development – to which we most grateful)
- As we are to Brundtland’s
leadership of WHO & our close colla…(?)
- In the 1990s – Norway – Nordic
- Even now Prime Minister
Stoltenberg as leader of High Level Panel expecting report on 9 November.
- Will shape future of UN
coherence in Development, human environment
# 1 per capita
1 thematic donor, esp. girls education
1 on MDG4 & GAVI
- I believe Norway can be proud
of its faith in and support to UNICEF
- UNICEF’s work producing
- UNICEF priorities mirror MDGs –
in fact, inspired MDGs
- MTSP grouping
- Basic Education / Gender Edu
- Child Protection
- Advocacy, Child Rights
- In each of these areas,
- Oslo Conference on Child Labour
- Violence against Child Study
– Crown Prince
- Humanitarian assistance – most
- Your child-friendly ODA policy
- MOPAN – multilateral
organization’s performance – assem….? Network
- Areas of improvement – we love
suggestions from supportive partner
- As we look ahead to
Norway-UNICEF cooperation, our dream to secure for children in World future
like – the situation of children in Norway today….
- If all countries of the world –
if all peoples of the world – as supportive as Norway – – we could build a
world truly fit for children.